Almost half of Brazilian people ages 14 through 29 years did not go to school or attend any professional training course in 2016. The Continuous PNAD (National Household Sample Survey), released this week by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), showed 24.8 million of Brazilians in this age group were not pursuing education.
There were 51.6 million people ages 14 to 29 years in Brazil in 2016, according to the IBGE. Of this total, 13.3% were employed and going to school; 20.5% were neither studying nor working; 32.7% did not have an occupation but were attending classes; and 33.4% were employed and not going to school.
Of the men in this age group, 14.7% were neither working nor going to school, compared with 26.4% of women. The survey showed a racial disparity, with 16.6% of white people in this age group not pursuing education, compared with 23.3% of black and brown people.
Work was the main reason given by survey respondents (41%) for not pursuing education, be it because they were already working, looking for employment or set to start working soon. Others said they were not interested in continuing their studies (19.7%), while the remainder said they were busy with home chores, or taking care of underage children, elders, or people with disabilities (12.8%).
Work-related reasons were mentioned more often by men (50.5%). Also, 24.1% of them said they were not interested in education, while 8.2% said they had already reached their desired educational level.
For women, work was also the number one reason for not studying (30.5%). However, 26.1% of women and girls cited household chores or caregiver responsibilities as the reason — a rate 30 times higher than among men. The share of women who said they were not interested in attending school was 14.9%.